Diabetes Day is International Day after AIDS, the second day officially designated by the United Nations and dedicated to a severe Metabolism disorder. It was thus established that the 14th of November of each year named by the International Diabetes Confederation should be the official day dedicated to it. We now know that for type 1 diabetes, there is a complete lack of insulin production by the pancreas, and it is not preventable.
It has been debated for years, and even today, that there are probably “environmental factors” that lead to the destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, the so-called Langerhans islets, and the patient is required to inject life-long insulin. But the story of the birth of type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 95% of all people with diabetes, can be prevented (weight loss and exercise) on the one hand and treated with anti-diabetic tablets.
So the universal message for all countries around the world, on the day of Diabetes, that is, November 14th is “Let us cure diabetes.” Type 2 Diabetes has been treacherous and has remained undiagnosed for many years, and this strongly emphasizes the practical importance and necessity of World Diabetes Day. Type 2 diabetes is more common in people with obesity, and losing their body weight results in avoiding insulin injections.
It is now well-established that daily exercise for just 30 minutes leads people with diabetes to adjust their blood sugar well and avoid cardiovascular complications. The World Diabetes Day was established in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation, and in 2007 it was designated by the United Nations as the official Day for the fight against diabetes. Prevention and enlightenment are the two keywords that every person with diabetes should respect and honor because as Hippocrates taught 2,500 years ago, prevention is even better than early treatment.
World Diabetes Day is a worldwide campaign to raise awareness of the problem of diabetes. Its purpose is to inform the public about the causes, symptoms, complications, and treatment of this condition. World Diabetes Day serves as an important reminder that the incidence and prevalence of diabetes are increasing worldwide and will continue unless immediate action is taken. World Diabetes Day is celebrated every year on November 14th.
Each year, World Diabetes Day focuses on a diabetes-related topic. For the five years 2009-2013 the theme chosen by the International Diabetes Federation for the World Day Campaign is “Education and Prevention for Diabetes.” The campaign slogan for 2012 is: Let Us Cure Diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a growing global health threat. The disease is the leading cause of death for approximately 7,000,000 people worldwide annually and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, renal failure, permanent retinal damage, and other serious complications. In Greece, about 12% of the general population suffers from diabetes mellitus.
The disease has a higher incidence in the western world, especially type II diabetes, and this is a clear indication of its association with modern lifestyle, eating habits, and lack of physical activity. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin produced. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that makes cells able to absorb glucose from the blood and use it for energy. Insufficient insulin production, insulin action, or both, leads to elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia). Type 1 diabetes: people with type 1 diabetes produce little or no insulin and need insulin injections to survive. It is the most common type in children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes: people with type 2 diabetes cannot use insulin effectively. They can treat their condition only with lifestyle measures.